12 September 2011

Mengembangkan Alat Musik Tradisional Indonesia

Pengertian musik tradisional bisa diartikan musik yang sudah ada di masyarakat kita secara  turun temurun. Negara Indonesia merupakan Negara kepulauan yang kaya akan seni dan  budaya, hampir semua daerah memiliki musik daerah masing-masing. Mungkin bagi mudah-mudi sekarang musik tradisional atau musik daerah tidak se populer seperti musik non  tradisional atau yang lebih sering disebut musik modern.

Foto alat musik tradisional Sasando
Jika kita berbicara mengenai sejarah musik tradisional tentunya harus kembali  pada daerah masing-masing, karena memiliki sejarah yang berbeda-beda pula.  Perkembangan musik tradisional Indonesia tidaklah begitu jauh, namun dengan adanya  perhatian khusus dari pemerintah dan berbagai lembaga membuat musik tradisional  tetap berkembang.

 Jenis musik tradisional sangat beragam, di Jawa saja sudah terdapat banyak musik  tradisional daerah Jawa, apalagi di tambah musik tradisional daerah lain. berbicara  mengenai musik tradisional tentu berhubungan dengan alat musik tradisional dan  lagu daerah (tradisional), karena fungsi alat musik tradisional adalah mengiringi lagu daerah sehingga disebut musik tradisional. Beberapa alat musik tradisional dimainkan dengan cara  dipukul, ada yang ditiup, digesek atau di goyang seperti angklung yang merupakan alat musik tradisional Jawa Barat.

Jenis / macam musik tradisional bisa digolongkan berdasarkan daerah  masing - masing. berikut ada beberapa jenis alat musik tradisional dari beberapa daerah seperti :

- alat musik tradisional Jawa : Kecapi
- alat musik tradisional jawa tengah : Gamelan Jawa, Siter / Celempung
- alat musik tradisional Jawa Barat : Arumba, Calung, Dod-dog, Gamelan Sunda, Angklung, Rebab, Siter / Celempung
- alat musik tradisional Jawa Tengah : Gamelan Jawa, Siter / Celempung
- alat musik tradisional Sumatera Utara : Aramba, Doli-doli, Druri dana, Faritia, Garantung, Gonrang, Hapetan,
- alat musik tradisional Sumatera Barat : Saluang, Talempong Pacik
- alat musik tradisional Bali : Gamelan Bali
- alat musik tradisional Nusa Tenggara Barat / NTB : Cungklik, Rebana
- alat musik tradisional Nusa Tenggara Timur / NTT : Foi Mere, Sasando, Keloko,
- alat musik tradisional Kalimantan Selatan : Babun
- alat musik tradisional Sulawesi Selatan : Alosu, Anak Becing, Basi-Basi, Popondi, Keso-Keso, Lembang
- alat musik tradisional Maluku : Floit, Nafiri, Totobuang, Tifa
- alat musik tradisional Irian Jaya / Papua : Atowo, Tifa, Fu
- alat musik tradisional Dayak : Gerdek
- alat musik tradisional Minahasa : Kolintang

Setelah melihat beberapa alat musik tradisional daerah masing - masing diatas, ada beberapa alat musik yang sudah sangat di kenal seperti Kecapi, Angklung, dan Sasando. Saya pribadi mengharap lebih dari perkembangan alat musik tradisional sekarang agar musik tradisional Indonesia semakin dikenal oleh berbagai negara. Oleh karena itu mulailah dengan melestarikan alat musik tradisional daerah kita masing - masing.

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